Prof. Thanikaivelan Palanisamy
CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute
Research area: Development of new and advanced materials in the field of Nano, Bio and Composite Materials
Title: Advanced Sustainable Materials from Leather Wastes for Energy and Environmental Applications
Abstarct: Grand challenges facing humanity today are intimately linked to the rapid exhaustion of natural resources in conjunction with massive growth of industrial production to support the booming world population. One such challenge is environmental sustainability and pollution mitigation, which have received considerable attention in several industries including leather. Collagen, the most abundant protein on earth, is a fibrous structural protein with intriguing mechanical properties namely high viscoelasticity and large fracture strength. It is being processed in a variety of industries such as slaughterhouse, meatpacking, leather and related. Nevertheless, these industries generate significant amount of collagen containing co-products (bio-wastes), which can be used as a precursor for the bulk synthesis of nanomaterials and nanocomposites for high-value applications. The talk will feature novel ways of converting these collagen co-products into a range of advanced multifunctional materials such as self-doped carbon nanomaterials, Cr@C / Fe@C core-shell nanomaterials, N-rich carbon nanoonions, magnetic and conducting nanobiocomposites for energy and environmental remediation applications. The proposed new avenues for converting industrial bio-wastes into useful multifunctional advanced materials based on nanoscience approach are scalable and inexpensive thereby minimizing pollution and maximizing environmental sustainability.
Assoc.Prof Guohua Xie
Research area:Organic Semiconductors, Organic Photonics, and Organic Optoelectronic Materials and Devices
Title: Solution-Processed Organic Light-Emitting Devices
Abstarct: Organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) have very promising applications in display, lighting, visible light communication, and medical treatment, which make them attractive in fundamental and applied researches. Currently, the manufacture of OLED panels mainly rely on high-vaccum thermal evaporation, which is very expensive and complicated. To address this issue, solution-processed OLEDs are favorable due to the merits of large-area and low-cost. In this talk, the state-of-the-art spin-coated OLEDs will be presented and explained, includingg material selection and device engineering. In addition, the innovation of transfer printing and inkjet printing for solution-processed OLEDs will be elaborated, which are more competitive for mass production.
Prof. Haitao Li（李海涛）
Institute for Energy Research, Jiangsu University, China
Research area: Nanomaterials, nanosensing and catalysis, clean energy and environmental governance
Title: Low-dimensional Carbon-based Catalyst: Design, Synthesis and Application for the fields of Clean Enengy.
With the enormous depletion of fossil fuels and excessive emission of greenhouse gases, the prominent energy crisis and environmental degradation have increasingly attracted humankind' s attention. Carbon-based materials, as noval catalytic materials with advantages of easy preparation, low cost, high stability, non-toxicity, high hydrophilicity and efficient photoelectron conversion ability, have been widely applied in the fields of clean energy catalysis, such as hydrogen evolution reaction, carbon dioxide reduction and nitrogen fixation. The research on carbon-based catalysts has gradually deepended from high-dimensinal to low-dimensial, which is from 3D bulk porous carbon foam, 2D flake graphene, to 1D carbon nanotubes and quantum-scale carbon dots. As the size decreases, quantized low-dimensional carbon materials, especially carbon quantum dots, provide the huge advantages in specific surface area, richer oxygen-containing groups and more defect sites, which are all considered as an efficient active reaction sites in the energy-catalyzed reaction. In addition, low-dimensional carbon materials will be easier to assemble with other traditional semiconductor catalysts (such as Cu2O, TiO2, etc.) into composite materials with the broad contact interface that can provide efficient electron transport capabilities and outstanding interface synergy. Low-dimensional carbon materials benefiting from quantization could provide huge development prospects for photocatalysis and electrocatalytic clean energy applications due to their excellent electrical conductivity and photogenerated electronics.
Prof. Mohan Kolhe
Faculty of Engineering and Science, University of Agder, Norway
Research area: smart grid, grid integration of renewable energy systems, home energy management system, integrated renewable energy systems for hydrogen production, techno-economics of energy systems, solar and wind energy engineering
Title: Implementation of Demand Response Program in Residential Households (EU FP7 Project ‘Scalable Energy Management Infrastructure for Aggregation of Household’ SEMIAH)
Nowadays due to major technological, scientific and commercial breakthrough by developing an Information and Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructure, the demand side management can be implemented in specific sectors within the smart grid environment. Demand side management in the domestic sector can play an important role in reducing the peak demand on the power system network as well as facilitating integration of renewable energy resources. It can help in reducing stress and overloading within the distribution network and on power lines. In many countries, there are various demand response programs implemented for industrial and commercial sectors. There are very few demand response programs in use for energy management in residential sector using ICT technologies.
In this keynote speech, the learning from the EU FP7 project tilted' Scalable Energy Management Infrastructure for Aggregation of Household’ (SEMIAH) will be shared. The SEMIAH project has pursued the implementation of demand response using ICT infrastructure in residential households using centralized approach as virtual power plant. This infrastructure has enabled scheduling of selected power intensive selected residential loads’ operation to off-peak demand periods for reducing the expected peak demand on the electrical energy network. The SEMIAH project has used state-of-the-art approach using ICT infrastructure to support the deployment and modernisation of home energy management systems for demand side management. In this project, partners have contributed in developing a centralised energy management system for provisioning of demand response services based on aggregation, forecasting, and scheduling of electricity consumption in the residential sector. The SEMIAH concept has enabled aggregation of households connected to the system and acted through direct load control to shift or curtail specific power intensive electrical loads considering the flexibilities of the prosumers and the utility demand limits. The project has delivered a hardware solution that enables control of selected electrical load operation based on demand limits considering the renewable energy generation. To successfully implement SEMIAH, the project consortium has studied new business models for electricity players and residential customers to quantify costs and benefits for actors in the value chain. The SEMIAH system shall contribute to the benefit of residential customers, energy utilities, and the society in general through lowering electricity bills, and providing higher stability of the electricity grid. Hereby, the project will enable savings in CO2 emissions and fuel costs, as well as reducing investments in electricity network expansions and peak power plants.